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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-39

Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis causing spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax in a child

1 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, NRS Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Anupam Patra
2/15 A, Bijoygarh, Jadavpur, Kolkata - 700 032, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.155856

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Bilateral pneumothorax is very rare in childhood. Moreover, if it is due to pulmonary involvement of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, it is even rarer in childhood. In our case, a nonsmoker 12-year-old boy presented with bilateral pneumothorax, whose high-resolution computed tomography scan was highly suggestive of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Excision biopsy of a clinically palpable cervical lymph node and histopathological examination and immunohistochemistry positivity for CD1a indicated a diagnosis of Langerhans cell histiocytosis. Clinicians should consider pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis in differential diagnoses in dealing such a case.

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