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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 140-148

Serum angiopoietin-2 as a noninvasive diagnostic marker of stages of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C patients

1 Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Tropical Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Ayatt Central Hospital, Ministry of Health, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Shereen A.B. Saleh
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Khalifa El-Maamon Street, Abbassia, Cairo - 11341
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-7782.203293

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Background The process of fibrogenesis is associated with the development of disease-specific markers. The management of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) depends on the staging of liver fibrosis. Use of noninvasive methods is preferable in diagnosis and follow-up. Objective The aim of this study is to evaluate serum angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) as a noninvasive marker in the diagnosis of different stages of liver fibrosis in CHC patients. Materials and methods A total of 90 individuals were included. They were divided into a patient group (75 patients) and a control group (15 normal individuals). Serum Ang-2 was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pretreatment liver biopsy was performed for the patients. The METAVIR score was used in the staging of liver fibrosis. A comparison of Ang-2 was performed between patients and controls, and between different stages of liver fibrosis. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was carried out to determine the best cutoff values of Ang-2 in the differentiation of different stages of fibrosis. Results Ang-2 serum levels were significantly higher in advanced stages of liver fibrosis. The cutoff points 869.3, 2226, and 7205 pg/ml were the best for differentiating fibrosis stages >F1; >F2; and >F3, respectively. Ang-2, international normalized ratio, α-fetoprotein, and albumin were found to be independent predictors of liver fibrosis using univariate analysis. Conclusion Ang-2 correlated significantly with liver fibrosis stage. It can aid noninvasive differentiation between different stages of liver fibrosis in patients with CHC.

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